Bienvenue est désormais compatible avec l'extension FastNews.kiwi disponible pour votre navigateur. Avec cette extension, vérifiez s'il y a des nouveaux sujets sur ce forum en un clic depuis n'importe quelle page !Cliquez ici pour en savoir plus.
084f2db8c6 In addition, premature infants have an exaggerated response to laryngeal stimulation (a normal reflex that closes the airway as a protective measure).. Responses to these stimuli are impaired in premature infants due to immaturity of specialized regions of the brain that sense these changes. Methylxanthines (theophylline and caffeine) have been used for almost three decades to treat apnea of prematurity.. Some suggestions: Go back to the last page Go to the home page .. Diagnosis. A secondary stimulus is hypoxia. doi:10.1542/neo.3-4-e66. Outcome. It may also occur due to low pharyngeal muscle tone or to inflammation of the soft tissues, which can block the flow of air though the pharynx and vocal cords. (2002).
doi:10.1542/neo.3-4-e59. Contents 1 Pathophysiology 2 Diagnosis 3 Treatment 3.1 Medications 3.2 Respiratory support 3.3 Monitoring 4 Outcome 5 Epidemiology 6 References 7 External links . Treatment. Simple tactile stimulation by touching the skin or patting the infant may stop an apneic episode by raising the infant's level of alertness. Apnea of prematurity occurs in at least 85 percent of infants who are born at less than 34 weeks of gestation. Obstructive apnea may occur when the infant's neck is hyperflexed or conversely, hyperextended. Apnea of prematurity is defined as cessation of breathing by a premature infant that lasts for more than 20 seconds and/or is accompanied by hypoxia or bradycardia. Increased oxygen at low levels can also be delivered using a nasal cannula, which additionally may provide some stimulation due to the tactile stimulation of the cannula. CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) is sometimes used for apnea when medications and supplemental oxygen are not sufficient.